In the rising popularity and as part of improvements for more natural-looking landscape settings 18C clay dams were constructed to create large ornamental lakes within their parks, sometimes form earlier fishponds and causeways.

The lake dam in Culverthorpe Park (HE Grade II) (Image: Steffie Shields)

Later in 18C hydraulic pumps were used to assist the water supply to both house and walled garden, such as here at Norton Place (HE Grade II).

Hydraulic pump at Norton Place (Image: Steffie Shields)

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