Topic 1: Norman Conquest
Medieval warfare covers the period of the Norman conquest through to the massed use of gunpowder weapons.
The beginning of medieval warfare occurs in the mid-11th century, and roughly corresponds with the Norman invasion of England.
Medieval warfare was very much based on the power of the armoured cavalryman, or knight.
This became cemented in society as part of the feudal system, where the ranking of nobles was based heavily on the number of knights they could raise.
The physical impact of the Norman invasion was felt in Lincolnshire through the construction of castles and fortified manors.
Detail from the fourteenth century Gough map of Britain, showing the principle towns of Lincolnshire (Image: Wikipedia Commons). Note that North is to the left.
Norman Castle at Castle Bytham. (Photo: Richard Carter)
Streets and Churches
There were also changes to the arrangement of village streets and increased construction of churches.
The importance of balancing military and ecclesiastical power is clearly shown in Lincoln where the castle and cathedral stand opposite each other.